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Can A Partnership Do A 1031 Exchange?

As an investor, you may have heard about the 1031 exchange and its benefits. This tax code allows you to defer capital gains taxes on the sale of your investment property by reinvesting the proceeds into a like-kind property. But what if you own the property with a partner or in a partnership? Can a partnership do a 1031 exchange? Let’s explore this topic in more detail.

Partnerships are a popular way for investors to pool their resources and invest in real estate. However, when it comes to a 1031 exchange, there are some rules and regulations that partnerships need to follow. In this article, we will discuss the requirements for a partnership to do a 1031 exchange and the steps you need to take to ensure a successful exchange.

Yes, a partnership can do a 1031 exchange. However, the IRS has specific requirements that must be met. All partners must agree to the exchange, and the partnership must have owned the property for at least one year before the exchange. The partnership must also follow the rules for identifying replacement property and completing the exchange within the allowed timeline.

Can a Partnership Do a 1031 Exchange?

Can a Partnership Do a 1031 Exchange?

Investing in real estate can be a great way to build wealth and diversify your portfolio. One popular strategy for real estate investors is to use a 1031 exchange to defer taxes on the sale of a property. But what if you own property with partners in a partnership? Can you still do a 1031 exchange?

Understanding Partnerships and 1031 Exchanges

First, let’s review what a partnership is. A partnership is a business structure in which two or more people own and operate a business together. Partnerships can own real estate just like any other business structure.

When it comes to 1031 exchanges, partnerships have some unique rules. In general, partnerships are not eligible to complete a 1031 exchange on their own. Instead, the individual partners must each complete their own 1031 exchange.

Individual Partner 1031 Exchanges

To complete an individual partner 1031 exchange, each partner must sell their share of the property and purchase a replacement property. Each partner’s exchange is independent of the others, so the replacement properties do not need to be the same.

However, there are some restrictions to keep in mind. The partners must hold their shares of the property as tenants in common, not as joint tenants or tenants by entirety. Additionally, the partnership agreement must allow for the sale of the property and distribution of the proceeds to the individual partners.

Benefits of Individual Partner 1031 Exchanges

While it may seem like more work to complete individual partner 1031 exchanges, there are some benefits to this strategy. First, each partner has more flexibility in choosing their replacement property. This can be especially helpful if partners have different investment goals or preferences.

Second, each partner can choose their own timing for completing their exchange. This can be helpful if one partner needs to access their funds sooner than others.

Partnership 1031 Exchange vs. Individual Partner 1031 Exchanges

So, should you do a partnership 1031 exchange or individual partner 1031 exchanges? The answer depends on your specific situation and goals.

A partnership 1031 exchange may be easier to coordinate, especially if all partners want to reinvest in the same replacement property. However, each partner will have less control over their individual exchange.

On the other hand, individual partner 1031 exchanges may require more coordination, but they offer more flexibility and control for each partner.


If you own real estate in a partnership and want to complete a 1031 exchange, you and your partners have a few options. While partnerships cannot complete a 1031 exchange on their own, individual partner 1031 exchanges can be a viable strategy. Consider the benefits and drawbacks of each option before deciding which approach is right for you.


Can partners complete separate exchanges at different times?

Yes, each partner can complete their exchange on their own timeline.

Can the replacement properties be different for each partner?

Yes, each partner can choose their own replacement property.

Can partners complete a 1031 exchange if they hold the property as joint tenants?

No, partners must hold their shares as tenants in common to complete individual partner 1031 exchanges.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a 1031 exchange?

A 1031 exchange refers to a section of the United States Internal Revenue Code that allows for the exchange of a business or investment property for another one without incurring immediate tax liability. This means that the taxes on the gain from the sale of the original property are deferred until a later date.

Can a partnership be involved in a 1031 exchange?

Yes, a partnership can be involved in a 1031 exchange. However, it is important to note that the exchange must be for like-kind properties and the partnership must meet certain requirements. The partnership must have been formed for legal purposes and not solely for tax purposes. Additionally, all partners must be on board with the exchange and the partnership must be considered a single taxpayer for tax purposes.

What are the benefits of a partnership doing a 1031 exchange?

The main benefit of a partnership doing a 1031 exchange is the deferral of taxes on the gain from the sale of the original property. This allows the partnership to reinvest the proceeds from the sale into a new property without the burden of immediate tax liability. Additionally, the partnership can take advantage of potential appreciation in the value of the new property over time, leading to increased returns for the partners.

What are the potential challenges of a partnership doing a 1031 exchange?

One potential challenge of a partnership doing a 1031 exchange is the need for all partners to be on board with the exchange. If some partners are not interested in reinvesting in a new property, the partnership may not be able to move forward with the exchange. Additionally, the requirements for a partnership to qualify for a 1031 exchange can be complex and may require the assistance of a tax professional.

Are there any alternatives to a 1031 exchange for partnerships?

Yes, there are alternatives to a 1031 exchange for partnerships, such as a deferred sales trust or a Delaware Statutory Trust (DST). These options also allow for the deferral of taxes on the gain from the sale of a property and may have different requirements or benefits than a 1031 exchange. It is important to consult with a tax professional to determine the best option for your partnership.

In conclusion, partnerships can definitely do a 1031 exchange. However, there are a few guidelines and rules that need to be followed to ensure a successful transaction. It’s important to consult with a qualified intermediary and a tax professional to navigate the complex regulations and requirements.

By partnering up with other investors, you can pool resources and acquire higher-value properties that might not be possible on your own. And with a 1031 exchange, you can defer paying capital gains taxes and reinvest those funds into your next investment property.

Overall, a partnership can be a smart way to invest in real estate and take advantage of the benefits of a 1031 exchange. Just make sure to do your due diligence and work with professionals who can help guide you through the process.

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